Finance is a field that deals with the study of investments. It includes the dynamics of assets and liabilities over time under conditions of different degrees of uncertainty and risk. Finance can also be defined as the science of money management. A key point in finance is the time value of money, which states that purchasing power of one unit of currency can vary over time. Finance aims to price assets based on their risk level and their expected rate of return. Finance can be broken into three different sub-categories: public finance, corporate finance and personal finance.
The FINANCIAL has a weekly official circulation of 10,000 printed newspapers. They have a daily page viewing of 100,000.
In addition the company publishes the monthly magazine WEALTH, which is exclusively delivered to all premium hotel rooms of Georgia.
The FINANCIAL together with Global Idea llc is the official organizer of the annual award ceremony Golden Brand.
The FINANCIAL publishes the following annual editions: Best Georgian Banks, Green Business - Oil & Environment, Travel Business, Corporate Social Responsibility, and US Business in Georgia.
The FINANCIAL is the general media partner for all major international business events in Tbilisi. In 2010 and 2011 it was the general media sponsor of international banking conferences in Baku and Batumi.
In 2010 The FINANCIAL was named country media sponsor for the HSBC-sponsored European Business Awards.
Structuring, also known as smurfing in banking industryjargon, is the practice of executing financial transactions (such as the making of bank deposits) in a specific pattern calculated to avoid the creation of certain records and reports required by law, such as the United States' Bank Secrecy Act (BSA) and Internal Revenue Code section 6050I (relating to the requirement to file Form 8300).
Legal restrictions on structuring should not be confused with capital controls, which are statutory or regulatory limits on the money that one can take out of a nation, though they can have some of the same economic effects in some economies, as structuring controls effectively limit the flow of capital by magnitude and duration, and can apply equally to taking money out of a nation as well as putting money into its finance system.
It emerged in the late 1950s with the appearance of the ALGOL 58 and ALGOL 60 programming languages, with the latter including support for block structures. Contributing factors to its popularity and widespread acceptance, at first in academia and later among practitioners, include the discovery of what is now known as the structured program theorem in 1966, and the publication of the influential "Go To Statement Considered Harmful" open letter in 1968.
Structured programming is most frequently used with deviations that allow for clearer programs in some particular cases, such as when exception handling has to be performed.